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August 16, 2018
Aaron Wolf, a professor and director of the Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation, has spent most of the last three decades compiling evidence that undermines conventional wisdom: Yes, water causes conflict, especially when two or more countries share it, and especially when it’s running out—but in the majority of cases, conflicts can be mitigated or resolved through mediation and cooperation.
August 16, 2018
Todd Jarvis, director of the Institute for Water and Watersheds at Oregon State University, agrees that amendments to such compacts are not unusual and even to be expected. He cites the Colorado River Compact, which dates from the 1920s. That agreement, he says, was signed during a period of abundant water. With the region now under siege by drought, some experts are looking to alter how the compact apportions available water.
The SDC Climate Change and Environmental Network has just published a Nexus Brief on Fragility and Conflict. The brief reviews the nexus of environment, climate change, fragility and conflict, while highlighting how an international process could improve the common understand of the dynamics of the nexus and develop preventative measures to conflict risk. The TFDD contributed data on transboundary water cooperation and conflict to the report. Check out Figure 6 for great visualization on hydropolitical tension and conflict potential!
May 8, 2018
Researchers at Florida International University have taken a closer look at water-related terrorism. While attacking water resources and infrastructure is not a new development, they found that it is on the rise, with a 263% increase from 1970 to 2016. The most common target of water-related terrorism was attacks on water infrastructure, rather than using water as a weapon. In the future, they intend to look at regions with high numbers of water-related terror incidents, impacts to transboundary watersheds, and potential threats to highly developed water systems.
Lynette de Silva, Program Director of the Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation and the Graduate Certificate, was interviewed by the Institute for Water and Watersheds on her recent publication on The Role of Women in Transboundary Water Dispute Resolution. The book chapter focuses on women’s participation in transboundary water dispute resolution at higher levels of decision making and can be found in Water Security Across the Gender Divide, published in October 2017.
Read the Interview
February 5, 2018
PWCMT's Dr. Aaron Wolf participates in a roundtable discussion on the potential of future wars occurring over shared transboundary waters. Hosted by TRTWorld, he was joined by Peter Engelke - Atlantic Council, Philippe Cullet - Professor of International and Environmental Law at SOAS, University of London; and Daanish Mustafa, author of 'Water Resource Management in a Vulnerable World'. View the full discussion below.
January 24, 2018
Oregon State University's PWCMT has announced that in collaboration with the German-Kazakh University in Kazakhstan, IHE-Delft Institute for Water Education in The Netherlands, the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, and the University of Geneva in Switzerland the creation of an international consortium called the Universities Partnerships for Water Cooperation & Diplomacy. The goal of the consortium is to harness the expertise and resources of water resources specialists around the world to help prevent conflict and resolve issues related to the sustainable use of fresh water.
November 28, 2017
The International Water Association's The Source reviews Dr. Aaron Wolf's new book The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The article notes how Wolf discusses the similarity between water and faith - both transcend borders. Faith traditions offer another means to bring people together beyond the current technical and engineering language used to negotiate conflicts.
September 21, 2017
Director of the PWCMT and OSU Professor, Dr. Aaron Wolf, joins in on Oregon Public Broadcasting 'Think Out Loud' to discuss his new book The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The book The Spirit of Dialogue is available through Island Press.
September 9, 2017
Director of the PWCMT and OSU Professor, Dr. Aaron Wolf, has published a new book on The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The book engages with how religion and spiritual elements can enable the transformation of conflicts and facilitate difficult conversations. His experience working global with water disputes has demonstrated how addressing the emotional and spiritual relationships with water can allow for conversations to be elevated and conflicts transformed. The book The Spirit of Dialogue is available through Island Press.
September 5, 2017
Dr. Todd Jarvis, Director for the Institute for Water and Watersheds, discusses the state of groundwater in Oregon, as part of a follow up piece on the groundwater resources of the state and its governance by the Oregonian.
July 17, 2017
New research from OSU and collaborators as part of the Transboundary Waters Assessment Programme, funded by GEF, suggests that risks for conflict over water are projected to increase over the next 15 to 30 years in four hotspot regions - the Middle East, central Asia, the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin, and the Orange and Limpopo basins in southern Africa. Worldwide, more than 1,400 new dams or water diversion projects are planned or already under construction and many of them are on rivers flowing through multiple nations, fueling the potential for increased water conflict between some countries.
Serious gaming has proved successful in enhancing skills in negotiations in response to water conflict. Research completed at OSU by Shelby Hockaday, Todd Jarvis and Fatima Taha looks at if negotiations differed between conflicts and management of surface water and groundwater. It also explores the relationship between a player’s background and social behaviors that may have shaped the outcomes of their gaming experience.
July 17, 2017
New analysis by researchers from OSU, Spain and Chile has been published in the journal Global Environmental Change. Findings cite that the more than 1,400 new dams or water diversion projects are planned or already under construction have the potential to increase water conflict between some countries.
July 17, 2017
Circle of Blue conducted a geopolitical analysis using Aqueduct Water Risk Altas and the Global Conflict Risk Index. It identifies 10 places where water could compound existing social stressors and contribute to a humanitarian crisis.
June 16, 2017
BBC Future interviews OSU's Professor of Geography Dr. Aaron Wolf about the future of water supplies and hydro-politics. He cites three main issues when it comes to water in the 21st Century: water scarcity, political implications of scarcity, and transboundary waters.
OSU PhD student and TFDD Manager, Melissa McCracken, recently published a Technical Background Paper with the Global Water Partnership that evaluates three methods for measuring transboundary water cooperation including the Sustainable Development Goal 6.5.2.
December 11, 2016
This blog post presents a summary from several sessions at the Budapest Water Summit. It quotes OSU's Lynette de Silva about the role that water dispute resolution and conflict management can provide to address the potential for water conflicts.
November 5, 2016
Dr. Jennifer Veilleux, along with several other OSU graduates, map the Dakota Access Pipeline to help understand the impacts to the Missouri River, connected water ways, and indigenous people. The pipeline raises issues of tribal sovereignty, water security, and environmental justice.