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December 6, 2019
The Water, Peace, and Security (WPS) partnership has developed a groundbreaking Global Early Warning Tool using data from the Pacific Institute's Water Conflict Chronology to predict the risk of violent conflict up to 12 months before it occurs. The WPS Global Early Warning Tool compares patterns between violent conflict and 80 environmental, social, and economic variables across a timeline of 20 years to the present day to identify potential water-related conflict hotspots across Africa, the Middle East, and South and Southeast Asia.
Early findings from the WPS Global Early Warning Tool indicate that many water-stressed regions including Mali, Nigeria, Basra, Iraq, and southwestern Iran are likely to experience violent conflict in the next 12 months as a result of water-related factors.
August 24, 2019
OSU Water Policy and Management graduate and current Ph.D. student at the University of Delaware, Mehmet Altingoz, has published a new article investigating cooperation occurring in conflict zones, specifically in the Armenian–Turkish Border. The paper explored the example of the Arpacay/Akhuryan Dam.
May 25, 2019
The Economist takes a look at how climate change can lead to an increase in conflict at various scales. They interview PWCMT Director, Dr. Aaron Wolf, about the research collected within the TFDD and how the potential for conflict can increase in the face of change if there is not enough capacity to adapt to the change.
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May 23, 2019
PWCMT Director Lynette de Silva has released her newly published book on Resolving Environmental Conflicts: Principles and Concepts. The book summary, opens with, “Resolving a conflict is based on the art of helping people, with disparate points of view, find enough common ground to ease their fears, sheath their weapons, and listen to one another for their common good, which ultimately translates into social-environmental sustainability for all generations. Written in a clear, concise style, Resolving Environmental Conflicts: Principles and Concepts, Third Edition is a valuable, solution-oriented contribution that explains environmental conflict management….”
May 5, 2019
Created by researchers and students, this database is intended to help policymakers, researchers, community members and others find information on a selection of dams from around the world. Our aim is to better understand how hydropower dams affect the individuals and communities who live near them, with a particular focus on population displacement and resettlement. Currently, more than 500 dams from most of the world’s major river systems are included in the database, with information drawn from more than 700 published references.
View the database
March 29, 2019
TFDD Manager, Melissa McCracken, and PWCMT Director, Dr. Aaron Wolf, have published a new article that provides a new look at the Register of International River Basins. Bringing the count to 310, Updating the Register of International River Basins of the World addresses new data, data inconsistencies, and answers the question: 'Where does a river end?'. The updated river basin and basin country unit delineations can be downloaded here.
Read the full article here
March 8, 2019
OSU partner institution, University for Peace, held an event at UPEACE Centre the Hague on 8 March 2019. PWCMT's Dr. Aaron Wolf demonstrated how scholars can put peace into practice, by helping to resolve conflicts over water, which highlights the focus of the joint master's programme in Water Cooperation and Diplomacy offered by OSU, UPEACE, and IHE Delft.
Together with partner universities - IHE Delft and University for Peace - OSU's Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation offers a Joint Master's Program in Water Cooperation and Diplomacy. Watch Dr. Aaron Wolf and current students discuss the program, its unique features and what its bringing to the Aral Sea Basin.
December 10, 2018
TFDD Database Manager, Melissa McCracken, and co-author, Chloé Meyer, discuss a recently published journal article that evaluates the methodology for measuring cooperative arrangements for operational cooperation as part of the Sustainable Development Goals through Indicator 6.5.2. Through a national and global overview, they identify strengths and limitations of SDG Indicator 6.5.2.
Access the Journal Article
November 1, 2018
The PWCMT's Dr. Aaron Wolf speaks to NBC News about recent news regarding the Island of Peace on the border between Jordan and Israel. The island was established as part of the 1994 peace and water sharing agreement between the two countries.
Manager of the Transboundary Boundary Freshwater Dispute Database and PhD Candidate, Melissa McCracken, has published a review of the methodology of Sustainable Development Goal Indicator 6.5.2 as part of the Global Water Partnership's Technical Background Papers series. It presents three methods for measuring cooperation to compare methodologies and presents several recommentations and guidance in the hope of aiding better monitoring, understanding, and use of SDG 6.5.2.
Read the Paper
Watch the Summary
August 30, 2018
The Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation's Dr. Aaron Wolf discusses climate change, water shortage, and the potential for conflict and cooperation over shared waters, as part of a larger article on climate variability and water scarcity and their potential to impact hotspots globally.
August 16, 2018
Aaron Wolf, a professor and director of the Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation, has spent most of the last three decades compiling evidence that undermines conventional wisdom: Yes, water causes conflict, especially when two or more countries share it, and especially when it’s running out—but in the majority of cases, conflicts can be mitigated or resolved through mediation and cooperation.
August 16, 2018
Todd Jarvis, director of the Institute for Water and Watersheds at Oregon State University, agrees that amendments to such compacts are not unusual and even to be expected. He cites the Colorado River Compact, which dates from the 1920s. That agreement, he says, was signed during a period of abundant water. With the region now under siege by drought, some experts are looking to alter how the compact apportions available water.
The SDC Climate Change and Environmental Network has just published a Nexus Brief on Fragility and Conflict. The brief reviews the nexus of environment, climate change, fragility and conflict, while highlighting how an international process could improve the common understand of the dynamics of the nexus and develop preventative measures to conflict risk. The TFDD contributed data on transboundary water cooperation and conflict to the report. Check out Figure 6 for great visualization on hydropolitical tension and conflict potential!
May 8, 2018
Researchers at Florida International University have taken a closer look at water-related terrorism. While attacking water resources and infrastructure is not a new development, they found that it is on the rise, with a 263% increase from 1970 to 2016. The most common target of water-related terrorism was attacks on water infrastructure, rather than using water as a weapon. In the future, they intend to look at regions with high numbers of water-related terror incidents, impacts to transboundary watersheds, and potential threats to highly developed water systems.
Lynette de Silva, Program Director of the Program in Water Conflict Management and Transformation and the Graduate Certificate, was interviewed by the Institute for Water and Watersheds on her recent publication on The Role of Women in Transboundary Water Dispute Resolution. The book chapter focuses on women’s participation in transboundary water dispute resolution at higher levels of decision making and can be found in Water Security Across the Gender Divide, published in October 2017.
Read the Interview
February 5, 2018
PWCMT's Dr. Aaron Wolf participates in a roundtable discussion on the potential of future wars occurring over shared transboundary waters. Hosted by TRTWorld, he was joined by Peter Engelke - Atlantic Council, Philippe Cullet - Professor of International and Environmental Law at SOAS, University of London; and Daanish Mustafa, author of 'Water Resource Management in a Vulnerable World'. View the full discussion below.
January 24, 2018
Oregon State University's PWCMT has announced that in collaboration with the German-Kazakh University in Kazakhstan, IHE-Delft Institute for Water Education in The Netherlands, the Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, and the University of Geneva in Switzerland the creation of an international consortium called the Universities Partnerships for Water Cooperation & Diplomacy. The goal of the consortium is to harness the expertise and resources of water resources specialists around the world to help prevent conflict and resolve issues related to the sustainable use of fresh water.
November 28, 2017
The International Water Association's The Source reviews Dr. Aaron Wolf's new book The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The article notes how Wolf discusses the similarity between water and faith - both transcend borders. Faith traditions offer another means to bring people together beyond the current technical and engineering language used to negotiate conflicts.
September 21, 2017
Director of the PWCMT and OSU Professor, Dr. Aaron Wolf, joins in on Oregon Public Broadcasting 'Think Out Loud' to discuss his new book The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The book The Spirit of Dialogue is available through Island Press.
September 9, 2017
Director of the PWCMT and OSU Professor, Dr. Aaron Wolf, has published a new book on The Spirit of Dialogue: Lessons from Faith Traditions in Transforming Conflict. The book engages with how religion and spiritual elements can enable the transformation of conflicts and facilitate difficult conversations. His experience working global with water disputes has demonstrated how addressing the emotional and spiritual relationships with water can allow for conversations to be elevated and conflicts transformed. The book The Spirit of Dialogue is available through Island Press.